Thursday, October 13, 2016

Battle Of #Hastings Timeline (LBE)

Tomorrow (October 14th 2016) marks the 950th anniversary of The Battle Of Hastings.

So, while Hastings, Battle, and the surrounding areas, prepare to enjoy their anual celebrations this weekend, I thought I'd kick off the "Wyrd Worlds: Battlefield 1066" celebrations on my blog by sharing a timeline of the events around that time for those with an interest in history that are too far away to participate, or those people - near to Hastings or otherwise - who just want to learn more about the battle.

Every day from now until October 19th, my posts will follow the same theme, as I, along with some of the other Smashwords authors involved in the "Wyrd Worlds" anthologies, celebrate the anniversary of the battle in our own ways. So, if you're a fan of historical fiction, historical fantasy, and/or alternative history with a science fiction element, make sure to stop by my blog every day during this next week.

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January 4th 1066
The Death of Edward the Confessor

January 6th 1066
Harold Earl of Wessex crowned King of England

April 1066
Halley's Comet

Spring 1066
Norman mission to Rome to seek Papal support for the Norman Invasion
Preparation for the Battle of Hastings

July 1066
Harold gathers the English army at the South Coast of England in Preparation for the Norman Invasion

July 1066
William prepares his fleet for the English invasion at the River Dives in Normandy

September 1066
The Vikings! Harald Hadrada, King of Norway, launches a Viking invasion

20th September 1066
The Battle of Gate Fulford - The Vikings defeat the English led by Morcar

21st September 1066
Harold marches his army from the South Coast of England to York to defend against the Viking Invasion!

September 25th 1066
The Stamford Bridge Battle - Harold defeats King Harald Hadrada and the Vikings at York

September 27th 1066
Duke William sets sail for England - The Norman Invasion begins

September 28th 1066
Duke William lands at Pevensey, on the South coast of England. The Norman Invasion

September 29th 1066
Duke William occupies Hastings, on the South coast of England

October 1st 1066
Harold , celebrating his victory over the Vikings at York, receives news of the Norman invasion
Harold marches his army back from the North of England to the South of England to defend against the Norman Invasion!

October 6th 1066
King Harold arrives in London

October 1066
The English Army prepare their defences at Senlac

Friday 13th of October 1066
Negotiations between the Normans and Saxons - William demands that King Harold either resigns his royalty in favor of William, refers it to the arbitration of the Pope or let it be determined by the issue of a single combat. King Harold declines

Saturday 14th of October 1066
The Normans and the Saxons prepare for battle - the Battle of Hastings
William Raised the Papal Standard and issued battle orders to the Norman army
Norman Foot soldiers led the way, the archers followed and finally the Norman knights on horseback.
Battle Plans - A fence and a fosse were built as a part of the Saxon defences. The men of Kent were entitled to strike first, the London men guarded King Harold. The Saxon army had no cavalry but stood in close ranks
The Norman servants, priests and clerks looked on whilst the Norman army advanced in three columns
Normans moved on to the assault, and the English defended themselves well
The Two Armies met. Each side taunted the other. The armies exchanged blows and many Normans died in the fosse (ditch).
The Battle raged for hours. A new scheme was adopted by the Norman archers. Arrows were shot in upward in the air striking the faces of the English soldiers. Many had their eyes put out and the arrows flew thicker than rain
An arrow struck Harold above his right eye, and put it out. Many other English soldiers have suffered a similar fate due to the strategy of the Norman archers.
The Saxons still continued to defend well. The Normans then adopted another strategy which deceived the Saxons
The English believed that the Normans were in retreat. The English pursued the Normans and foolishly broke their ranks.
The English were unable to compete against the knights on horseback. The Saxon barricades were broken. The living marched over heaps of the dead and many were crushed in the throng.
The wounded King Harold was killed and his body mutilated by the Normans.
Their King was dead and their Standard lost - many English soldiers fled. William had won the Battle of Hastings - he was the Conqueror
The great Battle of Hastings had raged between 9am and 3pm

Sunday 15th of October 1066
Both the Normans and the Saxons buried their dead. William the Conqueror had defeated the Saxons at the Battle of Hastings and now made ready to conquer the English
Defeat at the Battle of Hastings

October 21st 1066
The Submission of the Saxons at Dover

October 29th 1066
The Submission of the Saxons at Canterbury

December 25th 1066
Duke William is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey in London

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Above taken from http://www.normaninvasion.info/timeline-battle-hastings.htm.

5 comments:

Intense Guy said...

Wow. For the times - they really moved along! A complete change in Government in less than a year!

I wonder if that comet had anything to do with it? Smiles.

Jeanie said...

This is fascinating, Tori, and I erally appreciate the timetable and attention to detail. I suspect I will be revisiting this post more than once. And I will look forward to the future posts on this topic.

Victoria Zigler said...

Iggy:
Yep, it was a busy year, that's for sure. I don't know if the comet had anything to do with it, but it would be interesting to know the answer to that one... Ah, if I only had a time machine!

Jeanie:
Glad you found the post interesting. Hope you enjoy the posts I have lined up for the rest of this week.

Rita said...

I only know bits and pieces about English history. I appreciated the timeline. Aren't you glad ee don't live in those times?! :)

Victoria Zigler said...

Rita:
Yes, I'm very glad I don't live in those times. Although, I dare say people in the future will feel the same about the times we currently live in...

You're welcome about the timeline.